Deeper Causes: Exploring the Role of Consciousness in Terrorism


by John E. Mack, M.D.

ABSTRACT – “Without understanding what breeds these acts and drives the terrorists to do what they do … we have little chance of preventing further such actions, let alone of ‘eradicating terrorism.’” Harvard psychiatrist John Mack identifies three levels of causes: immediate, proximate, and deeper. Focusing on deeper causes, he shows how they are rooted in the nature of our minds, of consciousness itself.

Presented here in .pdf form as it appeared in the Institute of Noetic Sciences (IONS) June quarterly science magazine, IONS Review. James O’Dea, president of IONS, notes “In this courageous and insightful article, Mack quotes former Governor Cuomo: ‘The only way to solve the terrorist problem is to change the minds of those who practice terrorism.’

The article is presented as a pdf. Click here for pdf.


  • John E. Mack, M.D. was a Pulitzer Prize-winning author and professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.

© 2003 John E. Mack, M.D.
Published in IONS Noetic Sciences Review, June/August 2003, Issue 64, pp.11-17


  Subject Area: Political Worldviews

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